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Sushruta - The Father Of Medical Surgery

Sushruta – The Father Of Medical Surgery

Sushruta is fondly known as the “Father of Indian Surgery” and was a physician and surgeon in ancient India. He is also known as the “Father of Plastic Surgery” as he invented, developed and enlightened the world with surgical procedures. Sushruta or Susruta garnered a number of students who wanted to learn from him and spent their lives learning. They were known as Saushrutas. It required six years of their life dedicated to studying and learning before they could begin their hands-on training in the field of surgery. Like the doctors today, these Saushrutas had to take an oath where they specified that they would not cause harm to anyone and devote themselves to healing.

Once the students had been accepted by Sushruta, he would train them using vegetables or dead animals to understand the aspects and intricacies. It was as simple as understanding the length, depth and height of the object and performing the surgery accordingly. Once the students had perfected their cuts and procedures on vegetables and animals, they were invited to watch the actual surgery. They would learn how it is actually done and what are the dos and don’ts of performing surgery in real life on an actual human being. After obtaining a certain amount of theoretical and practical knowledge, the students were allowed to perform their own surgeries. Sushruta made sure that the student’s knowledge was not limited to just surgery but to various other subjects like medical arts, anatomy etc.

Sushruta is most known for his work on the subject of plastic surgery and his contribution to the world, “Sushruta Samhita” is considered to be the oldest and most revered text in the world of plastic surgery. This along with Chakra Samhita and Astanga Hridaya is regarded as the “Great Trilogy of Ayurvedic Medicine”. The importance of Sushruta Samhita is shown from the care that humans have taken of that text. It is no less than a foundational text of Ayurveda. “Sushruta Samhita”, which is considered as the greatest work in the field of Ayurveda and surgery, rightly acted like an instruction manual for the physicians to take care of their patients and treat them properly. It gave guidance to treat the patient holistically.

He mentions that the term “disease” is caused by an imbalance in the body. When certain elements in the body start acting up and disturb the balance of the body is when a certain disease is noticed in a human. It is hence, a physician’s responsibility to identify what the imbalance is and fix it. It is also very important and written in the books that anyone who wants to treat a patient or perform the surgery has to be balanced and composed. A good practising nurse should be fit to be a nurse. A bedside helper should have a cool and calm head, composed and pleasant behaviour. They should not indulge in speaking ill or wrong about someone. They need to be strong and attentive to the requirements and needs of sick people. They should also follow the instructions of the physician and not cross him in any manner.

Click here to read about Ved Vyasa – Sage Who Wrote Mahabharata.

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